Piles and Fistula are two common medical conditions worldwide. According to the experts, the changing hectic lifestyle and more proneness to fast food are the primary reasons behind the increasing cases of piles fistula surgery. Over 70% of the Indian population is affected by piles and fistula at least once in their life time mainly due to a lack of awareness. These medical conditions need early attention. Here again, most patients are ignorant or overlooking the issues. In any case, always consult an expert doctor or surgeon.
What are piles and fistula?
Piles also called hemorrhoids are swollen veins that are developed in the lower part of the anus and rectum. It is a very dreadful disease which results in discomfort and bleeding. This type of disease is caused due to various reasons such as regular constipation, straining at the time of bowel movements, pregnancy, etc. It can be both internal as well as external. The internal piles occur inside the rectum whereas the external ones occur around the anus under the skin.
When there is an abnormal connection between two parts of the body such as between an organ or blood vessel and other structures it is called a fistula. This type of disease can be caused in various parts of the body for example, in between artery and vein, bile duct and the surface of the skin, neck and throat, bowel and vagina, etc. It is mainly caused due to injury or surgery. It may also occur due to infection or inflammation.
Both these diseases are very painful and if they do not get treated with medication then the patient has to go for piles fistula surgery.
Symptoms and problems faced by patients due to Piles or fistula
The following are some common symptoms of piles:
- The patient may observe bright red blood after the bowel movement.
- The patient may feel huge pain or discomfort at the time of bowel movement.
- The patient may feel itching around the anus.
- Swelling or lump may be developed near the anus.
- Mucus may get discharged at the time of bowel movement.
- The patient may feel that his or her bowel movement is not completed.
The following are some common symptoms of fistula:
- The patient may feel persistent pain and throbbing around the anus.
- The patient may observe pus or blood in their stool that may have discharged from the opening developed near the anus.
- Swelling may be developed around the anus.
- The patient may get a fever if the fistula gets infected.
- The patient may feel pain or huge discomfort at the time of bowel movement.
Common Treatments for Piles and Fistula
Though piles and fistula are almost the same type of disease their treatment varies based on their severity. In case of piles, doctors advised patients to take high-fiber foods so that they can soften their stool and also increase its bulk. Apart from that, you can apply hemorrhoid cream to the affected area. Moreover, the doctor may also advise to soak the anal area of the patient with warm water at least for 10-15 minutes two to three times a day. The patient can also take pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen, etc. In severe cases, the patient may have to go for surgery.
In the case of a fistula, surgery is required to close the abnormal passageway and promote healing. Various types of surgery that are done in fistula are fistulotomy, seton placement, and filling the area with special glue or plug.
Consult an experienced surgeon
Consult an experienced surgeon for an easy and accurate removal of piles or fistula. The good news is that a state-of-the-art painless and quick surgical process known as Biological Electrical Impedance Auto-Measurement (BEIM) technology for piles fistula surgery is now available with Atharva Hospital. Even the bleeding piles can be surgically operated through this process.